Colon cancer is the third-most commonly diagnosed cancer in Delaware.
Delaware has made significant progress in helping people get screened for colorectal cancer. We know that you — and all health care providers — are keeping the importance of colon cancer screenings top of mind. Continue to recommend a colonoscopy or fecal immunochemical test (FIT) to your patients who need a colorectal cancer screening.
Who Should Be Screened?
Your patients should be screened for colon cancer if they:
- Are age 45 or older
- Eat a diet high in red or processed meats
- Es obeso
- Are heavy alcohol users
- Have Type 2 diabetes
- Es afroamericano
- Have a history of colorectal adenomatous polyps
- Have a history of colon cancer
- Have a history of inflammatory bowel disease, ulcerative colitis, or Crohn’s disease
Be Aware of Younger Onset Colorectal Cancer
People have a greater risk of being diagnosed at a younger age if they:
- Have relatives diagnosed with colon cancer
- Tiene diabetes
- Have inflammatory bowel disease
- Es obeso (20 o más libras de sobrepeso)
- Have been diagnosed with Lynch syndrome
- Drink more sweetened beverages and less milk
- Es afroamericano
- Come carnes procesadas
If your younger patients are experiencing any of the following symptoms, you may recommend a colorectal cancer screening:
- Sangrado rectal sin explicación
- Sangre en las heces
- Debilidad y fatiga
- Pérdida de peso inexplicable
- Dolor abdominal
- Cambios recientes y persistentes en los hábitos intestinales
- Anemia por deficiencia de hierro
- Sensación constante de necesidad de evacuar
Exámenes de detección
Types of Colorectal Cancer Screenings
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends two types of colorectal cancer screenings:
- Colonoscopy An outpatient procedure during which an endoscope is used to look for and remove polyps in the colon.
- FIT test An at-home test kit that requires the patient to collect a stool sample and mail it to a lab for testing.